Intergenerational Dialogues Between History Teachers and Students

"Paradigma" Educational Foundation; The Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom

Intergenerational Dialogues Between History Teachers and Students is a series of dialogues to explore perspectives towards teaching sensitive topics such as nationalism and conflict. In the summer and autumn of 2023, Paradigma Educational Foundation, in collaboration with The Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom, organized dialogues between 40 history teachers and students using the Arc of Dialogue methodology. The dialogues reflected on six issues relating to history education. These issues are the Soviet past and memory, democracy and liberal values, us and them (neighbors), nationalism, conflict, and why study history. The discussions aimed to explore different generations’ understanding of the topics discussed and reflect on their experiences teaching and learning those topics. The project concluded with the publication of 20 articles exploring the dialogues.



Armenia, international



Contact for more informations

Narek Manukyan: narek(at)

Project results

All articles are available in English:

  • Intergenerational Dialogues: Teaching Armenia’s Soviet Past and Memory (parts 1234)
  • Intergenerational Dialogues. Us and Them (Neighbors). (parts 123)
  • Intergenerational Dialogues. Why Teach History? (parts 1234)
  • Intergenerational Dialogues. We and the Conflict (parts 123)
  • Intergenerational Dialogues. We and Liberalism (parts 12)
  • Intergenerational Dialogues. We and Nationalism (parts 123)

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